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Albert Bandura is a Canadian psychologist who focused on studies of cognitive behavioral tendency. Recognized for his work on the Theory of Social Learning and its evolution to Sociocognitivism, as well as for having postulated the category of self-efficacy.
Throughout a career of almost six decades, Bandura has been responsible for large contributions in very different fields of psychology, including social-cognitive theory, therapy and personality psychology.
Quotes by A. Bandura
Trusting yourself does not guarantee success, but not doing so guarantees failure.
Psychology cannot tell people how they should live their lives. However, it can provide them with the means to effect personal and social change.
What people think, believe and feel affects their behavior. The natural and extrinsic effects of their actions, in turn, partly determine their thought patterns and affective reactions.
There are countless studies on the negative spread of work pressures in family life, but few on how job satisfaction improves the quality of family life.
If self-efficacy is lacking, people tend to behave inefficiently, even if they know what to do.
Achievement is socially judged by poorly defined criteria, so one has to depend on others to find out how they are doing.
Once established, reputations do not change easily.
People with a high level of security in their abilities address difficult tasks as challenges to be mastered instead of as threats to be avoided.
Most of the images of reality on which we base our actions are really based on the experience we gain through other people (vicarious experience).
The chances of survival would be downright small if we could only learn from the consequences of trial and error. Children are not taught to swim, young people to drive and medical students to operate by discovering the necessary behavior from the consequences of their successes and failures.
Understanding one's underlying motives seems to be more a conversion of beliefs than a process of self-discovery.
To succeed, people have a sense of self-efficacy, of fighting together with the capacity to recover to meet the inevitable obstacles and inequalities of life.
People's beliefs about their abilities have a profound effect on those abilities.
People not only acquire understanding through reflection, but also evaluate and modify their own thinking.
Humans are producers of their life circumstances, not just their products.
A theory that denies that thoughts can regulate actions does not easily lend itself to the explanation of complex human behavior.
Psychology cannot tell people how they should live their lives. However, it can provide them with the means to make personal and social changes.
People judge their abilities in part by comparing their performances with those of others.
People who believe they have the power to exercise some degree of control over their lives are healthier, more effective and more successful than those who have no faith in their ability to make changes in their lives.
Very often we have developed a better understanding of the issues than the most illustrious of teachers.
Through their ability to manipulate symbols and participate in reflective thinking, people can generate novel ideas and innovative actions that transcend their past experiences.
The content of most textbooks is perishable, but self-direction tools serve well over time.
People who have a low perception of themselves will justify their achievements to external factors, rather than their own abilities.
Moral justification is a powerful disconnection mechanism. Destructive behavior is made personal and socially acceptable by portraying in the service of moral ends. This is the reason why most appeals against violent media often fall on deaf ears.
Inconsistencies between self-efficacy and action may derive from erroneous perceptions of the demands of the tasks, as well as defective self-knowledge.
We are more strongly influenced by theories of failure than by theories of success.
The satisfactions that people derive from what they do are largely determined by their self-assessment rules.
Learning would be excessively laborious, not to mention dangerous, if people had to rely solely on the effects of their own actions to inform them what to do. Fortunately, most human behavior is learned observationally through modeling: by observing others, an idea is formed of how new behaviors are performed and, on subsequent occasions, this coded information serves as a guide for action.
A problem with future research is to clarify how young children learn what kind of comparative social information is most useful for evaluating effectiveness.
Famous phrases of psychology